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The Scriptures - Adi Guru Durbar
Page 8 of 12


A butcher by profession, Saadhna was born in the village of Sehvaan (Sindh) and was a contemporary of Naamdev. One ballad is attributed to Saadhna in the Adi Guru Durbar. Saadhna died at Sirhind (Punjab).

An old painting of Saadhna surrounded
by a congregation of followers and singing devotional Hymns

Although the dates of Beni's existance are not known precisely, the language he uses ascribes him to an early period in history. He is mentioned in Bhai Gurdas Ji's Vaaran as a soul who devoted himself entirely to the service of the Almighty:

'The Gurmukh Beni, would sit alone and enter a trance.
Performing greats acts of spirituality yet he told none [to avoid egotism].
Arriving back home, when asked where he was, he replied "...to the doors of his King [the Lord]".
His wife asked for items for the house but he would avoid this and this is how he spent his time.
One day, during while in deep contemplation and focus, a miracle occured.
The Lord, visited Beni as a King to keep the greateness of the devotee [Beni].
Upon becoming happy, he comforted all and spent lots of money.
He [the Lord] came from there to Beni and loved him greatly.
This is the manner of how the Lord applauses His followers.'
(Bhai Gurdas Ji, Vaar 10, Verse 14)

3 of his hymns can be found in Adi Guru Durbar and speak of cultivating love for the Almighty and being against hippocrisy.

Ramanand (1366 to 1467)

Ramanand was the son of Bhoor Karm (father) and Sushila (mother) born in a village in Uttar Pardesh. He was placed in the schooling of Archaarya Raagvand, a follower of the Sadhu Varn Asharam who believed that lower castes were not allowed to pray to the Almighty.

Leader of the Ramanuj sect, he was the fifth in line from
the Ramanuj, a great Hindu Sadhu (holy man). Today the
followers of this sect are known as 'Ramanandis' or 'Raamvats'

However, this all changed under the guidance of Swami Raghvcharya of the Ramanuj Movement (circa 1017 to 1137), where Ramanand became a devotee of Raam. Preaching his teachings at Kanshi (Varnasi, also known as "Benaras), a centre for devotees of the Bhakti movement, many great saints such as Ravidas, Sain, Dhanna, Pipa and Kabir came to listen avidly.

Amongst his works are 'Sri Ramrachan Padti', 'Matnbuj Baskar' and 'Sri Vaishnav'. One of his ballads can be found in the Adi Guru Durbar that speaks of the Almighty being everywhere, and not being isolated to a place or as a possesion of a peoples.

A painting depicting a scene from the epic Ramayan where
Lord Raam defeats the demon King Ravan with the help of the monkey army

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