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The Multifarious Faces of Sikhism throughout Sikh History
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Samparda Bhindra

Time of origin: 1918 (however 'Santhia' tradition can be traced back to 1704 at Dam Dama Sahib)

The great Nirmala Sikh, and holy man, Sriman 108 Baba Sundar Singh Ji Nirmala, founded 'Samparda Bhindra'.

Baba Sundar Singh was born in 1887, in the village of Bhindra Kalan in Firozepur District, Punjab. His father’s name was Baba Khajan Singh, and his mother’s name Mata Mehtab Kaur. Baba Khajan Singh was himself a learned Nirmala Singh, and at the age of approximately 9-10 years, Baba Sundar Singh was taught to read Adi Guru Durbar by his father. The venerable Bhai Mohr Singh initiated Baba Sundar Singh into the Khalsa brotherhood at the tender age of 10.

Sriman 108 Giani Sundar Singh Ji Nirmala

At the age of 16, Baba Khajan Singh had managed to teach his the entire Adi Guru Durbar, and a huge number of texts such as, ‘Panj Granthi’, ‘Das Granthi’, '22 Vaaran’, ‘Bhagat Bani’, ‘Hanuman Natak’, ‘Sarkutvali’, ‘Bhvaar Simriti’, ‘Vairag Shakt’, ‘Probodh Chandra Natak’, Bhai Nand Lal’s ‘Jindgi Nama’, ‘Mahabharat’, ‘Bhagvad Gita’, Bhai Gurdas Ji’s ‘Vaaran’, ‘Kabit Svaiya’ and ‘Sri Guru Nanak Prakash’.

At the age of 17, Baba Sundar Singh received his father’s permission to take spare time off from farming to visit the village of Dharm Kot to learn Sanskrit from a Pundit. He spent 2 years mastering the language of Sanskrit that would aid his already phenomenal understanding of Indian scriptures.

Dharm Kot
The village of Dharm Kot, circa early 20th century

It was at the age of 18 that Baba Sundar Singh sought out the great Sikh holy man, Sriman 108 Pundit Jawala Das Udasi:

‘In the village of Dadh near Ludhiana he [Baba Sundar Singh] merged himself in study to gain knowledge in the troupe of the great ‘Mahatama’ (holy man) Sant Pundit Jawala Das Udasi. This Pundit was a leader of a great troupe and many ‘Sadhus’ (holy men) use to study holy texts from him. At this time Sant [Baba Sundar Singh Ji] had memorized the ‘Panj Granthi’, ‘Jaap’, ‘Swaya’ etc. Sikh scripture and was able to recite them beautifully. Panj Bani and these scriptures from that time became his daily liturgy. The Pundit [Jawala Das Ji] had great desire to listen to proper reading of Sikh scripture. Seating the Sant on a high place sitting other Sadhus around him he use to listen to the proper reading of Sikh scripture from the Sant. On arriving in the troupe Sant [Baba Sundar Singh Ji] had right away asked the Pundit [Baba Jawala Das Udasi] the service of assisting him with his bath. Thus every day at ‘Amrit Vela’ [Ambrosial time/ early morning just before sunrise] he would arise to assist the Pundit with his bath and at that time if he had not understood any passage [of Sikh scripture] or had any other doubts he had them explained. Like this he in a short time studied ‘Vichar Sagar’, ‘Mokh Panth’, etc. many Vedic language texts and then came back to his home.’
‘Amrit Jiwan’, Dr. Sher Singh Giani, Pa.37
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