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The Scriptures - Dasam Guru Durbar
Page 2 of 10

 

With regards to the Akali Nihangs, Udhasis, and Nirmalas, and Seva Panthis, the author of the text is Akali Nihang Guru Gobind Singh ji. Yet for Akali Nihangs the question of the authorship of Dasam Guru Granth is not as important as it’s status as Guru Granth. Akali Nihang Baba Prem Singh of Sach Khand Hazoor Sahib comments:

‘The scripture that is in Adi Gur Granth, apart from composition of Gurus there is in it works of Bhagats [Hindu and Muslim holy men] and bards. They have been acknowledged by the Guru. The fifth Guru has given his stamp of approval. As such they [the compositions] are worshipped by the Khalsa and all others. In similar manner even if we say there is the scripture of bards [In Dasam Guru Granth], the tenth Guru has accepted their compositions. As such it is considered as Guru’s scripture.’
(Akali Nihang Baba Prem Singh, transcript of a recording, March 2001)


'Sodhibans' Akali Nihang Guru Gobind Singh ji
A contemporary metalwork portrait of the great Guru who's
autobiography is contained within 'Bachitar Natak', Dasam Guru Durbar

In Akali Nihang thinking even if there are arguments regarding authorship of Dasm Guru Durbar. It does not distract from the most important fact that it is Guru Granth.

The question now arises, when did Dasam Guru Granth attain position of Guru Durbar? Akali Nihang Bhai Desa Singh in his Rehitnaama (code of conduct) states:

‘The scripture that is in both Granths memorise’
(‘Rehitnameh’, Piara Singh Pa 149)


'Santhia'
A photograph of 'Bhujangis' (young Nihang Singhs) learning
the correct way to recite, memorise, and interpret sacred scriptures of the Gurus

Akali Nihang Bhai Sukha Singh writes:

‘The scripture in Adi Granth and Dasam. Revise and attain position of salvation.’
(‘Gurbilas Patshi Dasmi’, 1797, edited by Gursharn Kaur Jagi Pa 174)

In 1781 Charles Wilkinson visited Patna Sahib and noted:

‘They told me further, that some years after this book [Aadi Guru Durbar] of Naneek Sah had been promulgated, another made it’s appearance, now held in almost as much esteem as the former. The name of the author has escaped my memory; but they favoured me with an extract from the book itself in praise of the Deity. The passage had struck my ear on my first entering the hall when the students were all engaged in reading. From the similarity of the language to the Hindoovee, and many Sanscrit words, I was able to understand a good deal of it ----.’
(‘Early European Accounts Of The Sikhs’, Edited by Ganda Singh, Pa 210)


Akali Nihang Singh Khalsa
A photograph taken in the mid-1900s of an Akali Nihang Singh
paying his respects at the great sacred Gurudwara at Durbar Sahib, Amritsar

In the above extract, Wilkinson is quite clearly talking about Dasam Guru Durbar. The quotes above arise from the years between 1780-1800. By this time, based on written sources, it can be concluded Dasam Guru Durbar had gained currency as scripture within the Sikh nation.

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