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The Real Guru
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Shabad Guru

Within Sanatan Sikhism there is no higher ‘Pooja’ (worship) than that of the ‘Parmeshvar’ (the Almighty) known by his various attributes such as ‘Va-eh Guru’, ‘Nirankar,’ ‘Akaal’ etc. No human being how ever great, can ever be considered on par with the Almighty.

With regards to himself, the great Sikh Guru Akali Nihang Gobind Singh wrote:

‘Whoever calls me ‘Parmeshvar’, they will fall into the pit of hell.’
Akali Nihang Guru Gobind Singh, ‘Dasam Guru Durbar’, Bachittar Natak)

The 'Kora' belonging to Akali Nihang Guru Gobind Singh Ji, presently kept at Takht Sri Kesgarh Sahib, Anandpur, Punjab

According to Sanatan Sikhism, the ten historical Sikh Gurus were but human vessels through which Parmeshvar revealed himself to man in this age of ‘Kal Yuga’. It is because they gave true knowledge, and bestowed blessings of highest God that they became acknowledged as ‘Satgur’ (true Gurus), i.e. true teachers of the highest truth. Further, because this highest truth was revealed through their sacred words, ‘Gurbani’, as contained in the Adi Guru Durbar, this is the most sacred object of worship for it is the repository of the divine wisdom of limitless God.

In the Adi Guru Durbar, Akali Guru Arjan Dev Ji speaks of Guru Durbar as:

‘Pothi (book) is the house of Parmeshvar.’
Adi Guru Durbar, Raag Saarang, Pa. 1226

The Adi Guru Durbar, being the house of God, has been worshiped as ‘Isht Dev’ (the highest Guru, i.e. the Guru of all Gurus), by Sikhs. This has been the case since it was installed in at the ‘Guru Durbar’ (the court of the Guru), at ‘Hari Mandir’ Sahib, Amritsar, by Akali Guru Arjan Dev Ji in August 1604. On its installment on the alter at the Durbar Sahib, Akali Guru Arjan Dev Ji and the rest of the Sikh congregation, out of respect for Adi Guru Durbar slept on the floor alongside the scripture:

‘In respect of Granth Sahib. All with Guru slept on floor.’
‘Suraj Parkash’, by Kavi Santokh Singh, Vol.6, Pa.2142

Kartarpuri Bir
Folio from the 'Kartarpuri Bir' which was prepared by Akali Guru Arjan Dev Ji
which is looked after by the Dhirmalia family since the times of the Sikh Gurus in city of Kartarpur

Bhai Gurdas Ji, the eminent Sikh scholar of Akali Guru Arjan Dev Ji wrote:

‘Shabad Guru, know as Guru. He who becoming ‘Gurmukh’ (a seeker of truth) focuses his mind on it [the Guru] is its disciple.
‘Bhai Gurdas di Varaan’, by Bhai Gurdas Ji, Var 7, Pauri 20

Bhai Gurdas further wrote of ‘Shabad Guru’ and where it resides thus:

‘Guru is the form of complete ‘Brahm’ [greatest God], immovable and indestructible.
Highest Brahm is ‘Guru Shabad’ which resides in congregation of ‘Sadh Sangat’ [searchers of truth seeking spiritual enlightenment].
Sadh Sangat is ‘Sach Khand’ [true eternal abode] where one trains in the loving devotion of God.’
‘Bhai Gurdas diyan Varaan’, by Bhai Gurdas Ji, Var 9 Pauri 1

Hari Mandir Sahib

'Inside the Harimandhir', a watercolour by William Carpenter, circa 1854 depicting
'Raagis' (musicians), 'Granthis' (readers of scripture) and 'Sangat' (holy congregation) in the presence of Adi Guru Durbar

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