Arth refers to translation and transliteration of
scriptures, which exists at two levels. The first is ‘Shabad
Arth’ (transliteration) and second is ‘Majmooni
Arth’ (contextual translation) of whole verse.
After learning 'Paath' in the correct
manner, the next step is appreciating both levels of Arth so as
to understand what is being read. In past, as today, all Sanatan
Sikh Samparda (institutions) emphasized not only ‘Paath’
with ‘Arth’, but also emphasized ‘Bani
Kantish Karni’ (memorizing scripture).
This was particularly true for those who intend to
teach the Sikh way, traditions etc., or initiate new Sikhs into
Khalsa Sikhism or ‘Sehajdari’ Sikhism.
Sriman 108 Brahm Giani Bhai Raam Krishan
Ji Sewa Panthi
An example of a 'Sehajdhari' (non-Khalsa) Sikh, one of the great
philanthropists and scholars belonging to the Sewa Panthi/Addan