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Nanak - That which is not many, but 'Ekh' (One)
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The above title is the transliteration of the name of the first Sikh Guru, Akali Guru Nanak. The entire Sanatan Sikh philosophy revolves around Ekh, that is Nirankar (Formless God).


Akali Guru Nanak Dev Ji Maharaj
The first living Sanatan Sikh Guru seen here in an 19th century painting (Kashmir)
with his son, Baba Sri Chand Maharaj (2nd from right) and founder of the Udasi order. Bhai
Mardana, the Muslim musician and companion of the Guru (bottom left) along with other followers

This One is the underlying essence of the eternal universal Dharma. The Ekh that brings peace of mind to an individual. The Ekh that promotes universal communal peace and harmony. Neglect this Ekh then all one's spiritual and religious endeavors become fruitless. Without the Ekh there is nothing but Ahankar (Ego).

As at present, in the times of the Sikh Gurus, there were innumerable religions and religious sects within each faith. The many followers of these faiths, in order to gain converts to their particular religion, vehemently preached their own particular religious/spiritual beliefs. Of these individuals Akali Nihang Guru Gobind Singh wrote:

‘If someone goes to the Yogi’s Ashram they tell you to contemplate the name of Gorakh [Greatest of Hatha Yoga masters].
If you go to the Synasis they tell you to contemplate Datt’s [Greatest of Synasi master] name that is the truth.
If you go to the Turks [Sunni Moghals] they take hold of them and convert them to the faith of Mohammad.
This way all only consider Kartar [Creator God] in their own respective faith and no one realizes the secret.
(‘Dasam Guru Durbar’, 33 Sawaeya)

The secret that the great Guru is speaking of is the Ekh. Akali Nihang Guru Gobind Singh further also noted the incentive of greed that motivated the various religious denominations.

‘If someone goes to the Yogis they ask for all the wealth in their home.
If one runs and falls at the feet of Synasis, they tell you plunder your homes wealth in the name of Dutt.
If one goes to the Mastands [Sikh preachers established by the third Sikh Guru but in time excommunicated by Akali Nihang Guru Gobind Singh for corruption] they say give us all your wealth now.
All know but to take, yet no one I see who can tell me the path to Brahm [all pervasive God Ekh].
(‘Dasam Guru Durbar’, 33 Sawaeya)


Akali Nihang Guru Gobind Singh Ji Maharaj
A painting depicting the tenth living warrior Sanatan Sikh Guru who's
epic works are to be found in Dasam Guru Durbar and Sarbloh Guru Durbar

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