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Glossary

 

The Glossary is continually being updated to include new terms. If there are any terms that should be included here and are not, please email info@sarbloh.info.

Adi Guru Durbar/Granth – Is the fore most Sikh scripture which is said to enshrine the spirit of peace. Also refered to as 'Aad Guru Durbar', 'Sri Guru Granth Sahib Ji', 'Guru Granth Sahib'
Abbeck – Ignorance. The dark side of the mind.
Akand Kirtani Jatha (A.K.J.) - A personality cult started by the followers of Bhai Randhir Singh. Also known as the 'Bhai Randhir Singh Jatha'.
Akal – Immortal Nirankar God.
Akal Bunga/Takht – The highest seat of Sikh temporal authority declared so by the 6th Guru, Akali Guru Hargobind Sahib in 1609. Traditionally only the Budha Dal Jathedar (leader) was also leader of Akal Takht.
Akali – Worshiper of Akal. A high ranking Nihang. See Akali Nihang.
Akali Nihang – Traditional warrior guardians of Sanatan Sikhism.
Allah – Islamic name of the one true God.
Amrit (Amrit Sanchar) - Initiation ceremony new warriors have to undergo to enter the Akali Nihang Singh Khalsa.
Babbar Khalsa International (B.K.I.) - The politically active wing of the Akhand Kirtani Jatha, now on the terrorist list since Al'Queda attack in New York.
Bbeck – Wisdom. The light side of man.
Bhagt/Bhagat – Devotee of Nirankar God.
Bhang – Cannabis. Employed by Akali Nihangs as a pain represent drug on the battle field.
Bhujangi - Nihang warrior.
Bir Ras - warrior essence
Brahm – Highest Nirankar God.
Brahmin – Member of highest Indian cast. Hindu priest. In Sanatan Sikh thinking irrespective of caste a person who knows of Brahm.
Budha Dal - The 5th Takht and the superior of the 2 orders of Akali Nihang Singh Khalsa. The Jathedar (head) of the Budha Dal is traditionally seen as the head of the entire Sikh Nation and commander-in-chief of the Sikh army.
Chaktha/Jhatkha - "To kill with one blow". Traditional method employed by the Akali Nihang Singh Khalsa to kill enemies and also used to kill animals for food. Killing is done using a variety of methods, from guns to swords.
Dasam Guru Durbar/Granth – First of the martial texts of the tenth Sikh Guru Gobind Singh. Though it is respected by the none-martial Sanatan Sikh orders Udasis, Nirmala and Seva Panthis as scripture. It is only worshiped as equal to Adi Guru Granth by the Akali Nihangs.
Deg/Degh – The cauldron of Sukha. See Sukha.
Dharma/Dharam – Universal divine law. The true spiritual path.
Dumala - Conical turban worn by the Akali Nihangs and the Nihang Singhs. The Akali Nihang Singhs in addition possess a "Farla" (see below) at the top to distinguish them above the Nihang Singhs.
Ferengi/Farengi - "Foriegner". Traditionally referring to those of Europeans descent.
Har – Eternal God
Harimandir– The house of eternal God. The Golden temple in Amritsar the most sacred Sikh shrine.
Faquir – Muslim holy man.
Farla/Farra - A loose piece of turban cloth adorning the top of the Dumala (see above) worn by Akali Nihangs. The cloth is always 'neela' (dark blue) in colour.
Koran – Muslim holy text.
Kyshatriya - Warrior caste, also refers to a way of thinking, ie. "the way of the warrior".
Malesh - "Flithy", referring to foreign tyrannical powers.
Matt – Individual egoistic thinking that leads one to believe ones particular faith, philosophy is the only true one. Egoistic thinking which denies the universal Sikh Dharma.
Moghal – The Muslim rulers of India in time of Sikh Guru’s.
Mullah – Muslim clergy man.
Navatan - New/current
Nirankar – Formless God.
Nirmala – The pure one. The scholar order of Sanatan Sikhism.
Phoola Singh – The legendary sixth leader of Budha Dal Akali Nihangs and Akal Takht.
Prachin/Pracheen - Ancient/old
Puran – Eighteen texts relating ancient Hindu myths and wisdom.
Ram – Hero of the Hindu epic Ramayana Rama. A designation for all pervasive Nirankar God.
Sach Khand – Eternal abode of Nirankar God.
Salotar - Club, used to grind cannabis or to fight enemies.
Salotari/Salotardhari - Weilder of a salotar.
Samparda - (traditional) order/school of thought or collection of individuals with a purpose to propagate Dharam.
Sanjam Kiriya - Warrior yoga designed to increase dynamism.
Sarbloh – All iron. Weapons of war. Martial designation for highest God Nirankar.
Sarbloh Guru Durbar/Granth – The second of the Sikh martial texts. Though it is respected by the none martial Sanatan Sikh orders Udasis, Nirmala and Seva Panthis as scripture. It is only worshiped as equal to Adi Guru Granth along side Dasam Guru Granth by the Akali Nihangs.
Seva Panthis/Adan Shahi – The philanthropist order of Sanatan Sikhs.
S.G.P.C. - Shromani Gurudwara Prabandak Committee. A product of late 19th Century British-Raj nurtured puritanical blend of Sikhism. Not recognised as having any authority by Sanatan Sikhs.
Shastarvidiya - the 'science of weapons'. This term refers to the ancient Indian battle artform of the Akali Nihang Singh Khalsa (once also practiced by other warrior tribes and Indian cultures, eg. Rajputs, etc.)
Shaheedi Degh - Drink to celebrate martyrs. A protein drink made with almonds, black pepper,sugar,water, cardamoms and cannabis (and sometimes rose petals) that is drunk to celebrate the deeds of past warriors. See Sukha.
Shant Ras - essence of peace
Shardaee - Non-intoxicating drink made with hemp, almonds, black pepper, sugar and water.
Shiva – Third of the Hindu demigods amongst the triad of chief demigods who over sees disillusion of creation. In Sanatan Sikhism the destructive aspect of Nirankar God.
Shudra/Sudra - Lowest of the 4 castes within the Hindu caste system.
Sanatan – Most ancient. Most ancient traditions. Eternal. Nirankar God. Alternative spellings: Snaatan, Sanatana, Snatan, Sanaatan
Sanatan Sikhs – Traditional Sikhs as opposed to British Raj institutions educated Sikhs the Tat Khalsa Singh Sabhias.
Sri Kesgarh Sahib - 3rd Takht, situated at Anandpur Sahib (Punjab, India) where the 10th SIkh Guru gave birth to the brotherhood of the Khalsa.
Sri Patna Sahib - 2nd Takht, situated in Patna (Bihar, India) the birthplace of the 10th Sikh Guru.
Sri Sach Khand Hazoor Sahib - 4th Takht, found at Nander (Maharastra, India) where the 10th Guru, Akali Nihang Guru Gobind Singh ji, ascended to heaven. Also it was here that the Adi Guru Durbar was declared to be the Guru of the Sikhs.
Sukha/Sukkha – The giver of comfort. Strong protein consecrated drink made with martial rituals, which has touch of cannabis. A favourite drink of Akali Nihangs.
Takht - Seat of authority. Traditonally there are 4. They are: Sri Akal Takht Sahib, Sri Patna Sahib, Sri Kesgarh Sahib, Sach Khand Hazoor Sahib and the Budha Dal. The Budha Dal is traditionally seen as the 5th.
Tarna Dal - In 1734, Akali Nihang Kapur Singh split the Akali Nihang Khalsa into the Budha Dal (superior and comprising of older, wiser and battle hardened warriors) and the Tarna Dal (comprising of younger warriors). The Tarna Dal was further split into 5 groups.
Tat Khalsa – The original name of the Akali Nihangs of the 18th century before they split into Budha and Tarna Dals. A name later adopted by the British Raj Victorian institutions educated Sikhs. Who sought to negate Sanatan Sikhism late 19th century and so as Sikhism would accommodate British Raj.
Turk – Moghal. Hostile Muslim rulers or invaders. NB the distinction between 'musalmaan' (none-tyrannical member of muslim faith) and a 'turk', who is seen as one who (wrongly) uses Islam as a tool for oppression.
Udasis/Udasi/Udaseen/Udasin – The oldest order of Sanatan Sikhs and traditionally seen as the "missionaries".
Vaar - Ballad. One of the most famous compositions are the Vaars attributed to Bhai Gurdas, scribe to Guru Arjan Dev Ji (5th Sikh Guru).
Va-eh Guru – Wonderous Nirankar God. The awe inspiring ineffable sublime truth and the Sanatan Sikh name for ultimate truth/reality. There are various English spellings that have/are being used in addition to the one used on this website such as: 'Waheguru', 'Vaaheguru', 'Vaaheguroo', 'Vahguru', 'Vaheguru'.
Viriyam - an exercise regime incorporating circuit training, weight training, stretching, etc. to aid increased strength, agility, tolerance to pain, and mental clarity.
Vedas – The most ancient of Hindu religious texts.
Vishnu – Second of the Hindi demigods amongst the triad of chief Hindu demigods who preserves creation. In Sanatan Sikhism, the preserving aspect of Nirankar God and one of their designations for Nirankar God.

 

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